Computational biomechanics for medicine: success stories from neurosurgery planning and vascular engineering
Mathematical modelling and computational sciences have proved tremendously successful in engineering. One of the greatest challenges for mechanists is to extend the success of computational mechanics to fields outside traditional engineering, in particular to biology, biomedical sciences, and medicine. By extending the surgeon’s ability to plan and carry out surgical interventions more accurately and with less trauma, Computer-Integrated Surgery (CIS) systems could help to improve clinical outcomes and the efficiency of health care delivery. CIS systems could have a similar impact on surgery to that long since realized in Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM).
In this lecture I will demonstrate how computational mechanics can be used to improve patient outcomes in brain and vascular surgery. I will showcase two successful applications, one about using computational models as an aid for neuronavigation in brain tumour removal procedures and another about abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture risk prediction.
I will conclude with suggestions for the future developments in the field and a vision for a new era of personalised medicine based on patient-specific scientific computations.
Karol Miller was born and educated in Poland. He received MSc in Applied
Mechanics (1990) and PhD in Robotics (1994) from Warsaw University of
Technology, and Doctorate of Science in Biomechanics from Polish Academy of
In 2002 he established Intelligent Systems for Medicine Laboratory (ISML
http://www.mech.uwa.edu.au/ISML) at The University of Western Australia.
ISML’s mission is to work towards improving clinical outcomes through appropriate use of technology. ISML runs exciting research projects generously funded by The Australian Research Council, National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia), National Institute of Health (USA) and other national and international agencies.
The overall objective of Professor Miller’s research is to help creating methods and tools which will enable a new exciting era of personalised medicine. Professor Miller is best known for his work on biomechanics of soft tissues. His current research interests include computational biomechanics for medicine and numerical methods, with applications to surgical simulation, image-guided surgery and, surprise, geomechanics.
Professor Miller’s research and teaching have been recognised by multiple awards, including Humboldt Research Award, NVIDIA GPU Computing Champion Award, Simulation Industry Association Australia Award, Sir Charles Julius Award, Polish Prime Minister Award, UWA Faculty of Engineering Computing and Mathematics Teaching Award and UWA Student Guild Choice Award.